October 17, 1905 Nicholas II signed the manifesto, after much hesitation, drawn up in the spirit of the program Witte. This act has promised to give the people the democratic freedoms, to provide the Duma legislative rights, to expand the circle of persons who had the opportunity to participate in the elections. October 19, 1905 the nominal decree was reorganized existing since 1857 th, but very rarely collect the Council of Ministers. He became a permanent institution of higher education - the government of the Russian Empire. Guide them was entrusted to a special officer of the Prime Minister as the head of pravitelstva.V to soothe disgruntled peasants November 3 published a manifesto, which since January 1, 1906 the redemption payments to former serfs were reduced by half, and from January 1, 1907 ceased all . This was supposed to end last year, the reform of 1861. In fact, two new generation has grown, and with traces of serfdom still not finished!